[citation needed], In 2008, the President of Portugal announced that the then eight leaders of the Community of Portuguese Language Countries (CPLP) had agreed to take the necessary steps to make Portuguese an official language. [citation needed]. Printable stamp album pages that you can print out on your own computer. It is the world’s seventh longest bridge. The Charter was enacted in five languages (Chinese, French, Russian, English, and Spanish) and provided (in Article 111) that the five texts are equally authoritative. Although very similar verbally, they do have different written scripts; Hindi is written in the Devanagari script and Urdu is written in the Nastaʿlīq script. Each representative of a country may speak in any one of these six languages or may speak in any language and provide interpretation into one of the six official languages. [20], As of 1983, the Security Council (like the General Assembly) recognized six official and working languages: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish. At the same time, the GA requested the Security Council to include Arabic among its official and working languages, and the Economic and Social Council to include Arabic among its official languages, by 1 January 1983. Without citizenship, they are denied access to basic government welfare benefits and employment. The media branch of the UN, UN News,[47] already includes translations into Swahili. The part of those rules relating to language closely followed the 1946 rules, except that the 1947 rules did not purport to apply to other UN organs, just the General Assembly. Gradually, competing groups and kingdoms on the peninsula merged into a common national identity. [51][52], Following Riesco's retirement, Miles Stoby of Guyana was appointed Coordinator for Multilingualism, effective 6 September 2001. These languages are used at meetings of various UN organs, particularly the General Assembly (Article 51 of its Rules of Procedure), the Economic and Social Council and the Security Council (Article 41 of its Rules of Procedure). Living in Incheon is different and exciting. the Korean Language submitted by south Korea to the Fifth United Nations Conference on the Standardization of the Geographical Names in 1987 and the Romanized Transcription of the Korean Language made public by its Ministry of Culture and Tourism in August 2000, submits to the 10th Conference, the following revised rules [35], Malay is an Austronesian language spoken throughout the Malay Peninsula and large swaths of Southeast Asia. The United Nations Parallel Corpus v1.0 is composed of official records and other parliamentary documents of the United Nations that are in the public domain. While living in Bangkok, I volunteered with the local Young Men’s Christian Association (YMCA) to build a small school for Hill Tribe children who lived in the northern part of Thailand. Malay has several names depending on the local vernacular designation, for example it is referred to as Bahasa Melayu in Malaysia, Bahasa Indonesia in Indonesia and Kelantan-Pattani Malay in Thailand. For example, the General Conference of UNESCO has nine official languages including Hindi, Italian, and Portuguese. The six languages are official languages in almost two-thirds of United Nations member states (over 120 states). [29][30] Hindi is the lingua franca of the majority of Indians in the subcontinent, along with Pakistan (as Urdu), Sri Lanka and Nepal, with its importance as a global language increasing day by day. [48][49] Turkic family languages, among which there is high mutual intelligibility, are spoken in Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Northern Cyprus, Russia, and Turkey. Master’s Degree in Business Administration, KDI School of Public Policy and Management, Seoul, Republic of Korea [24], In September 2011, during a meeting with UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan expressed a desire to see Turkish become an official UN language. 129-148, pp. ", "Hindi at UN: India to take action to get official status", "Government working actively for Hindi as official language of UN: S M Krishna", "Hindi should be an official language in the UN: Nepal Vice President", http://www.internetworldstats.com/stats7.htm, "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency", "Tony Correia-Afonso: Portuguese Language in Goa", "Lusophone bloc mobilises to make Portuguese a UN language", "Portugal's lawmakers accept Brazilian version of language", https://news.un.org/en/story/2009/12/324362-top-un-official-stresses-need-internet-multilingualism-bridge-digital-divide, http://www.eac.int/treaty/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=206&Itemid=331, "Turkish emerges as candidate for official UN language", Multilingualism: Report of the Secretary-General, "Secretary-General Appoints Assistant Secretary-General Federico Riesco Coordinator for Multilingualism", "Secretary-General Appoints Under-Secretary-General Shashi Tharoor Coordinator for Multilingualism", "Secretary-General Appoints Under-Secretary-General Catherine Pollard of Guyana Coordinator for Multilingualism", "United Nations Information Centres Launch Redesigned Website Telling Organization's Story in 130 Languages", "Secretary-General Appoints Under-Secretary Kiyo Akasaka as Coordinator for Multilingualism", "Department of Public Information to Launch 'Language Days at the United Nations, "First-ever French language day celebrated at UN", "United Nations Observances – Multilingualism", "UN Celebrates First Chinese Language Day", "UN celebrates Chinese Language Day with art and exhibitions", "English Language Day at the United Nations, 23 April 2011", "L'ONU célèbre la Journée de la langue française", "Spanish Language Day to be celebrated at HQ on Tuesday, 12 October 2010", "Día del Idioma Español en las Naciones Unidas", "Rules of Procedure of the General Conference", "Rules of Procedure of the Governing Council", "Rules of Procedure of the Executive Board", 2017 Report of the Secretary-General on Multilingualism, Multilingualism at the United Nations : Research Guide, Top UN official stresses need for Internet multilingualism to bridge digital divide, Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, International Decade for a Culture of Peace and Non-Violence for the Children of the World, Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice, Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners (the Mandela Rules), Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, UN Advisory Committee of Local Authorities, Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, World Federation of United Nations Associations, United Nations Prize in the Field of Human Rights, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Official_languages_of_the_United_Nations&oldid=994529743, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2019, Articles needing additional references from January 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 December 2020, at 05:09. The importance of our mission constantly inspires me to make a difference in all facets of my work within our Centre. However, in early years, Chinese was not commonly used in the work of the United Nations. Portuguese is even still spoken by a few thousand people in the former Portuguese colonies of Goa and Daman and Diu in India. It was fully connected in the middle of the ocean only last month. [24] Other UN documents and websites are already translated into Bengali (referred to as Bangla), Hindi, Urdu, Malay, French Creole, Portuguese, and Swahili but not on an official or consistent basis. Most of non-Arab Africa is either Francophone or Anglophone because of their imperial past, but there is also a lusophone grouping of countries for the same reason. In 2002, it was proposed to the then current UN Secretary General Kofi Annan that the UN develops a 'Semi-Official' or 'Regional' language status for commonly spoken languages that do not have Official status so that a higher percentage of the worlds population could be familiar with UN actions. As part of the whole Cold War scenario, the Korean War was a complicated issue with which the United Nations had to successfully deal with or lose credibility just five years after it … [4], The United Nations has drawn criticism for relying too heavily on English, and not enough on the other five official languages. Many Lusophones have advocated for greater recognition of their language,[40] which is widely spoken across five continents: Portugal in Europe; Brazil (the largest lusophone nation) in South America; Angola, Mozambique, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Equatorial Guinea, São Tomé and Príncipe in Africa; Timor-Leste and Macau in Asia. United Nations - United Nations - Functions: The main function of the United Nations is to preserve international peace and security. All other international bodies in commerce, transport and sport have tended to the adoption of one or a few languages as the means of communication. [42] This followed a decision by Portugal's legislators to adopt a standardization of Portuguese spelling. Parallels with other multilingual institutions, Mikael Parkvall, "Världens 100 största språk 2007" (The World's 100 Largest Languages in 2007), in, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Community of Portuguese Language Countries, Journée internationale de la Francophonie, list of international organisations which have French as an official language, List of official languages by institution, List of languages by number of native speakers, League of Nations – Languages and Symbols, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant#Warning messages for future humans, "Universal Declaration of Human Rights: translation into Chinese", "Adopting Resolution on Multilingualism, General Assembly Emphasises Importance of Equality Among Six Official United Nations Languages", "Preparation of Multilingual Treaties: Memorandum by the Secretariat", "Russian to be included as UN working language", Provisional Rules of Procedure of the Security Council, Rules of Procedure of the Economic and Social Council, "Top UN official stresses need for Internet multilingualism to bridge digital divide", "Department for General Assembly and Conference Management: Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)", "Census of India: Comparative speaker's strength of Scheduled Languages-1971, 1981, 1991 and 2001", "Indiaspeak: English is our 2nd language – Times of India", "Hindi. [13], Meanwhile, a proposal had been in the works to add Spanish as a third working language in addition to English and French. Why We Serve honors the generations of Native Americans who have served in the armed forces of the [33][34] In 2015, Nepal's Vice President Parmananda Jha stated his firm support for the inclusion of Hindi as an official language of the UN. Varanasi. [58] The days and their historical significance are: In 2020 the Portuguese language was added, UN independent agencies have their own sets of official languages that sometimes are different from that of the principal UN organs. I learned it was important for them to receive an education so that they can have better opportunities be of service to their communities. I have a passion for working within the development sector. The six official languages are also used for the dissemination of official documents. It is the largest, most familiar, most internationally represented and most powerful intergovernmental organization in the world. [70] IFAD has four official languages: Arabic, English, French, and Spanish.[71][72]. Master’s Degree in Business Administration, KDI School of Public Policy and Management, Seoul, Republic of Korea, Copyright 2020 United Nations. [31], In 2007, it was reported that the government would "make immediate diplomatic moves to seek the status of an official language for Hindi at the United Nations". The official languages of the United Nations are the six languages that are used in UN meetings and in which all official UN documents are written. Efficient administrative support is necessary for the successful implementation of any development project, and I am proud of what I am doing. They are also vulnerable to injustices such as child labor and child prostitution. [55] She replaces Kiyo Akasaka of Japan, who was also Under-Secretary-General for Communications and Public Information.[56][57]. The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization that aims to maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international cooperation, and be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations. Thus all six official languages were also working languages. When I first came to the office three years ago, only a few buildings and the ocean could be seen in the area. Global Goals Comic (Comics Uniting Nations Initiative) [ English ] [ Lëtzebuergesch ] [ Nederlands ] Elyx , the United Nations’ digital ambassador, has released a series of illustrations designed to further explain the Sustainable Development Goals Their parents are Hill Tribe people who neither acquired Thai citizenship nor speak the Thai language. The UN provides simultaneous interpretation from the official language into the other five official languages, via the Unite… Chinese was established as an official language of the United Nations in 1946. [28] It is one of the official languages of India and Fiji and is also spoken in Nepal, Suriname, Mauritius, Trinidad and Tobago, and Guyana. The United Nations Secretariat uses two working languages: English and French. What's the sambandh? This is usually English, closely followed by French (see: list of international organisations which have French as an official language). Malay is an official language of Malaysia, Brunei, Indonesia (which is the 4th most populous nation in the world),[36] Singapore, Christmas Island, and the Cocos Islands, as well as being a recognized minority language in Thailand, where is it spoken in the Narathiwat, Yala, and Pattani regions, as well as the Philippines, where it is spoken in the Zamboanga Peninsula, the Sulu Archipelago, and Bataraza and Balabac in Palawan. [39], Portuguese is the sixth most spoken language in the world. [46] It is one of the most commonly spoken languages in Africa, is a compulsory subject in all Kenyan schools and is increasingly being used in eastern Burundi. In 1946, the first session of the United Nations General Assembly adopted rules of procedure concerning languages that purported to apply to "all the organs of the United Nations, other than the International Court of Justice", setting out five official languages and two working languages (English and French). A collection of primary source documents related to the Korean War. UNITED NATIONS & UNITED NATIONS OFFICES IN GENEVA, SWITZERLAND , UNITED NATIONS OFFICES IN VIENNA, AUSTRIA ,Flags of UN Members , INTERIM ADMINISTRATION IN KOSOVO, 559 Pages. United Nations Mission In Bosnia and Herzegovina: Bote: Indigenous Media Foundation (Nepal) Breton: Diffusion Multilingue des Droits de l'Homme, France: Bugisnese: United Nations Information Centre, Indonesia: Bulgarian (Balgarski) United Nations Information Centre, Bulgaria: Burmese/Myanmar: United Nations Information Centre, Myanmar: Cakchiquel Regional groups have adopted what is common to other elements of their ethnic or religious background. As a result, most of the children do not have the opportunity to attend a public school. The list includes the date each country joined the United Nations. Most of the proposed languages are World Languages that are lingua francas or are either Supra-regional or Supercentral in nature according to the Global Language System Theory. Flag Member Country Date joined Afghanistan: 19 November 1946 Albania: 14 December 1955 Algeria: 8 October 1962 Andorra: 28 July 1993 Angola: 1 December 1976 Antigua and Barbuda: 11 … Others would argue for the inclusion of Uralic languages (Hungarian and Finnish) and Japanese in this macro family. There are indeed “concrete measurable actions” we can take to actively change the lives of others. [citation needed] The list of potential 'Semi-Official' or 'Regional' languages, many of which can be considered lingua francas in their areas, could include: Amharic, Bengali, Burmese, Cantonese, Chichewa, Fula, German, Gujarati, Hausa, Hindi, Igbo, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Javanese, Kannada, Korean, Lingala, Malay, Malayalam, Marathi, Oromo, Pashto, Persian, Portuguese, Punjabi, Shanghaiese, Shona, Swahili, Tagalog, Tamil, Telugu, Thai, Turkish, Vietnamese, Urdu, Yoruba, Zulu, International Sign Language, International Braille, and possibly an international auxiliary language such as Esperanto, Ido, or Interlingua. I therefore spent time studying the language and meeting a lot of local friends during my first two years here. United Nations Parallel Corpus Introduction. The Charter also empowers the secretary-general to inform the Security Council of "any matter which in his opinion may threaten the maintenance of international peace and security". Hindi has more than 550 million speakers in India alone, of whom 422 million are native, 98.2 million are second language speakers, and 31.2 million are third language speakers. [32] According to a 2009 press release from its Ministry of External Affairs, the Government of India has been "working actively" to have Hindi recognized as an official language of the UN. [41] It is an official language in ten countries. Norwegians. Under the resolution, the United States led a multinational troop to fight against the North Korean and Chinese joint troops. Bengali is the seventh most spoken language in the world, with over 240 million speakers. One World - Nations Online .:. A month after the release of their album Love Yourself: Answer, BTS's RM took his message of self-love to the United Nations in an inspirational speech this September. [17][18][19], In 1980, the General Assembly got rid of this final distinction, making Arabic an official and working language of all its committees and subcommittees, as of 1 January 1982. [10] In response, on 19 July 2011, the General Assembly adopted Resolution No. This was backed by a resolution adopted unanimously by the assembly of the Indian state of West Bengal in December, and support was also given by the states of Assam and Tripura. Arabic was made an official and working language of "the General Assembly and its Main Committees", whereas the other five languages had status in all GA committees and subcommittees (not just the main committees). Korea is a region in East Asia.Since 1948 it has been divided into two sovereign states: North Korea (officially the "Democratic People's Republic of Korea") and South Korea (officially the "Republic of Korea"). Appointed Shashi Tharoor of India as coordinator for multilingualism is Catherine Pollard of Guyana [ 53 ] [ 72.. 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