"Khen" redirects here. There is limited evidence of its origin but it appears to have been invented and developed over thousands of years in Lao culture. Some players perform an elaborate dance while playing the khaen. Pronunciation. Typically measuring about 1.2 meters (4 feet) in length, the sitar has a deep pear-shaped gourd body; a long, wide, hollow wooden neck; both front and side tuning pegs; and 20 arched movable frets. clipart. On le rencontre assez fréquemment dans certainement région du nord de la Thaïlande, du Laos et de la Birmanie. You blow and suck on the mouthpipe on the body and cover the holes on the tubes to play melodies and chords. The khene is a mouth organ of Lao origin whose pipes, which are usually made of bamboo, are connected with a small, hollowed-out hardwood reservoir into which air is blown, creating a sound similar to that of the violin. Thai Khaen is a mouth organ of Lao origin whose pipes, which are usually made of bamboo, are connected with a small, hollowed-out hardwood reservoir into which air is blown. To produce a steady sound from the khaen, the air in the windchamber must be maintained with a form of nasal breathing. Today associated with the Lao people of Laos and Isan of Thailand. Once had a double reed similar to an oboe; Modern Tarogato is a different single reed keyed instrument with a conical bore 30-40cm; dark, penetrating tone. Aerophone: an instrument that produces its sound by the vibration of a column of air. It is quite common in parts of northern Thailand, Laos, and Burma. Virtual encyclopedia of musical instruments around the world. The khene (/ˈkɛn/; also spelled "khaen", "kaen" and "khen"; Lao: ແຄນ; Thai: แคน, rtgs: khaen, pronounced [kʰɛ̄ːn]; Vietnamese: khèn; Khmer: គែន) is a mouth organ of Lao origin whose pipes, which are usually made of bamboo, are connected with a small, hollowed-out hardwood reservoir into which air is blown, creating a sound similar to that of the violin. Laos Musical Instrument Recognized as Cultural Heritage. The khaen mouth organ is a free-reed aerophone of the Lao people who inhabit Thailand's northeastern province and the neighboring country of Laos. Watch Queue Queue Origins: The khaen is related to the Chinese sheng and Japanese sho. Thai Khaen is a mouth organ of Lao origin whose pipes, which are usually made of bamboo, are connected with a small, hollowed-out hardwood reservoir into which air is blown. The khaen, Khene, is a free-reed, mouth organ of Lao origin whose pipes, which are usually made of bamboo, are connected with a small, hollowed-out hardwood reservoir into which air is blown. Classification. Today associated with the Lao of Laos and Northeast Thailand, similar instruments date back to the Bronze Age of Southeast Asia. Although the instrument is now taught in modern schools to both males and females, in its natural habitat--the village--it is played only by men. Composers who have written notated music for the instrument include Annea Lockwood, Christopher Adler, David Loeb, Sidney Marquez Boquiren, Christopher Burns, Jinhee Han, H. James Harkins, Jeff Herriott, Vera Ivanova, and Yu Kuwabara. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. In the afternoon of April 2, the Minister of Information, Culture and Tourism, Mr.Bosengkham Vongdala held a press conference announcing “Khaen”, the Laotian musical instrument is recognized as an intangible cultural heritage of mankind. For khaen in combination with other instruments, I recommend using the khaen in D, G or A as I try to keep more than one of each of these instruments available. Watch Queue Queue. As a native instrument with rural origins, unaffiliated with elite royal cultures in the region, the khaen is upheld as a symbol of Lao cultural identity throughout the region and among the Lao diaspora worldwide. Due perhaps to its long history, the khaen is considered, among the other Lao instruments to have the richest musical literature. The khaen is one of the more complicated folk instruments in South-east Asia. Khaen are handmade instruments and do not last forever, so it is possible that pieces written for a specific pitch may become unplayable until instruments can be replaced. Le khène appartient à une famille d’instruments dans laquelle on trouve le cheng chinois et le sho japonais. Thai Khaen is a mouth organ of Lao origin whose pipes, which are usually made of bamboo, are connected with a small, hollowed-out hardwood reservoir into which air is blown. Khaen is one of the most traditional musical instruments of Laos, used from the Lan Xang Kingdom but some say that it has existed for 4000 years. Today associated with the Lao people of Laos and Isan of Thailand. Follow up on An unique music instrumentof Thailand and Laos with a unique sound. "[citation needed] Khene can be played as a solo instrument (dio khene), as part of an ensemble (such as wong pong lang and khene wong), or as an accompaniment to a Lao or Isan solo singer mor lam. The khene (/ ˈ k ɛ n /; also spelled "khaen", "kaen" and "khen"; Lao: ແຄນ; Thai: แคน, RTGS: khaen, pronounced ; Khmer: គែន) is a mouth organ of Lao origin whose pipes, which are usually made of bamboo, are connected with a small, hollowed-out hardwood reservoir into which air is blown, creating a sound similar to that of the violin. All the tubes are affixed in a wooden body with black pitch. It has seven tones per octave, with intervals similar to that of the Western diatonic natural A-minor scale: A, B, C, D, E, F, and G. A khene can be made in a particular key but cannot be tuned after the reed is set and the pipes are cut. Stephen Molyneux (United States) has played the khaen on his releases The Arbitrary State (2010), The Stars Are the Light Show (2012), Wings and Circles (2016), and in select live performances. Some players perform an elaborate dance while playing the khaen. For other uses, see, Khaen Master Nouthong Phimvilayphone playing Lotfai talang, http://www.jiras.se/lakhaon2010/kraythong/info.html, http://www.jiras.se/lakhaon2010/kraythong/index.html, http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0013/001352/135258eb.pdf, Khaen Repertories: The Developments of Lao Traditional Music in Northeast Thailand, Traditional Music and Songs in Laos: The Voice of the Lao Khen, Traditional Band of the Royal Family of Thailand, Traditional Cambodian musical instruments, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Khene&oldid=991742921, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 16:19. Thailand. The Khaen is a large mouth organ from southeastern Asia. The name khaen (or kaen, khen, khene, etc.) Suitable for the profession loving wind instrument. is often applied to many different Southeast Asian mouth organs, but it is most associated with the raft-shaped instruments of Laos and Northeast Thailand. The instrument consists of a carved wooden windchest, through which are inserted a number of bamboo pipes packed closely together in two rows. The khaen, a bamboo free-reed mouth organ is the predominant musical instrument among Lao people in mainland Southeast Asia. Today associated with the Lao people of Laos and Isan of Thailand. Possessing a two-octave range, the khaen; khène; kène; khen; Origin & history From Lao ແຄນ‎. Lai po sai is considered to be the oldest of the modes and lai sutsanaen the "Father of the Lai Khaen. The khaen is one of the more complicated folk instruments in South-east Asia. Because the khaen can play both chords and a melody line at the same time, the instrument is a kind of ensemble in itself. Made of bamboo with a brass reed in each tube. Classification: Aerophone: an instrument that produces its sound by the vibration of a column of air. Sitar, stringed instrument of the lute family that is popular in northern India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. Since the early 21st century, the California-born khaen player Jonny Olsen has achieved familiarity in Laos and Thailand by appearing on numerous Thai and Lao TV Shows and performing live concerts in Thailand and the U.S. Olsen is the first foreigner to win a khaen championship in Khon Kaen, Thailand in 2005. 1951, Norman Lewis, A Dragon Apparent, Eland 2003, p. 296: There are processions led by dancers with castanets and accompanied by musicians playing the Kène. Many Lao have learned the word "khene" or heard the instrument being played since early childhood, but few know much about its origin or how to play it. Le mot vient du sanskrit sau (cent) et rang (couleur ou humeur), ce qui dénote la sonorité riche et profonde, se rapprochant de la voix humaine, du sarangi. In … The khene (/ˈkɛn/; spelled "Can" in English; Lao: ແຄນ; Thai: แคน, RTGS: khaen, pronounced [kʰɛ̄ːn]; Vietnamese: khèn) is a Lao mouth organ whose pipes, which are usually made of bamboo, are connected with a small, hollowed-out hardwood reservoir into which air is blown. Sarangi est du genre féminin puisqu’il se termine en i, mais le français l’emploie au masculin. Le hang est un handpan5,6 et, par antonomase, le mot « hang » est souvent utilisé à tort pour désigner l'ensemble des handpans alors qu'il s'agit d'une marque déposée de l'entreprise PANArt7. Powerful sound! It is associated with the common folk rather than the elite stratum of society. The shehnai is made of wood, except for a flaring metal bell attached to the bottom of the instrument, and measures about 12–20 inches (30–50 cm) in length, with six to eight keyless finger holes along its body. In Cambodia, it is used among the ethnic Lao population of the province of Stung Treng and is used in lakhon ken, a Cambodian dance drama genre that features the khene as the premiere instrument. The most interesting characteristic of the khene is its free reed, which is made of brass or silver. It is related to Western free-reed instruments such as the harmonium, concertina, accordion, harmonica, and bandoneon, which were developed beginning in the 18th century from the Chinese sheng, a related instrument, a specimen of which had been carried to St. Petersburg, Russia. The Khene is a reed musical instrument so loved and readily recognised by the people of Laos that it has become part of their every day life similar to other instrumental terms such as table, chair, food. jrgambito19jrgambito19. Khaen: a free reed bamboo mouth organ from both Thailand and Laos, ... Tarogato: Hungarian woodwind instrument with Turkish origins. These are also found in Asia, however idioglottal types are almost as common, where the entire instrument is made from a single piece of wood, bamboo, metal, or whatever. Today associated with the Lao people of Laos and Isan of Thailand. In Thailand, one of the top virtuoso khaen soloists is the blind musician Sombat Simla. In Cambodia, it is used among the ethnic Lao population of the … The thang san family includes lai sutsanaen (G A C D E), lai po sai (C D F G A), and lai soi (D E G A B), while the thang yao family includes lai yai (A C D E G) and lai noi (D F G A C). Today associated with the Lao people of Laos and Isan, other similar instruments date back to the Bronze Age. This video is unavailable. This khaen 6 Notes is suitable for kids, beginner and everyone who would like to try to practice the khaen. Laotian proverb says “People living in the house on stilts, eating sticky rice and playing Khaen only can be Laotian or their brothers”. This example, from Thailand, has 16 bamboo pipes arranged in two raft-shaped rows of eight, each with a brass free reed set in its side. Thai Khaen is a mouth organ of Lao origin whose pipes, which are usually made of bamboo, are connected with a small, hollowed-out hardwood reservoir into which air is blown. The khaen is related to the Chinese sheng and Japanese sho. Traditional Thai musical instruments (Thai: เครื่องดนตรีไทย, RTGS: Khrueang Dontri Thai) are the musical instruments used in the traditional and classical music of Thailand.They comprise a wide range of wind, string, and percussion instruments played by both the Thai … Variable : this example is 3 ft (0.9 m) long, but larger examples may measure almost 7 ft (2.20 m). The khaen, Khene, has five … Shehnai, double-reed conical oboe of North India. [1][2] In Vietnam, this instrument is used among the Tai peoples and the Muong people. Origines. Khaen is the combination of a special bamboo and reeds, looks like a Vietnamese trumpet and the musician blows into the small holes to make the sound. This type of instrument goes back to at least 1100BC (the harmonica and accordion only go back to the 1830s). Aérophone : le son est produit par la vibration d'une colonne d'air. The variety most commonly found in the West is the heteroglottal type, where the reed or tongue is attached to a separately made frame. It is quite common in parts of northern Thailand, Laos, and Burma. The instrument has also attracted a few non-Asian performers, including University of San Diego professor Christopher Adler, who also composes for the instrument; English musician Clive Bell (UK); Vancouver-based composer/performer Randy Raine-Reusch (Canada), who played khaen on Aerosmith's Pump (1989), Cranberries' To the Faithful Departed (1996), and Yes's The Ladder (1999); and Jaron Lanier (United States). You can play western music as well as Asian. Le sarangi (en hindi सारंगी) est une vièle à archet qui est jouée en Inde, au Pakistan et au Népal. The musical instrument is associated to the western free-reed musical instrument like harmonium, the concertina, the accordion and also the bandoneon that were developed starting in the 18 th century from the Chinese musical instrument called Sheng, a related musical instrument, a specimen of which had been taken to the St. Petersburg in Russia. Although the mouth technique is similar for both types of instrument, the heteroglottal type … The khene has five different lai, or pentatonic modes with specific drone pitches, organized into two families (thang san and thang yao). In Thailand, one of the top virtuoso khaen soloists is the blind musician Sombat Simla. Molyneux bought a khaen in Bangkok in 2010 after developing an interest in the instrument while traveling in Laos and Thailand. : a Southeast Asian mouth organ that consists of a small wooden reservoir through which pass a set of six to eighteen long bamboo pipes each with a tiny metal free reed in a side opening and that is played by exhaling and inhaling In Thailand and Laos, the mouth organ called the khaen is also used for dancing, often while playing the instrument … IPA: /kɛːn/ Noun khene (pl. The instrument has also attracted a few non-Asian performers, including University of San Diego professor Christopher Adler, who also composes for the instrument; English musician Clive Bell (UK); Vancouver-based composer/performer Randy Raine-Reusch (Canada), who played khaen on Aerosmith's Pump (1989), Cranberries' To the Faithful Departed (1996), and Yes's The Ladder (1999); and Jaron Lanier(United States… Jan 2, 2019 - The khene is a mouth Leed-organ of Lao origin.. 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